1. Latin America went through a period of modernization from 1870-1920. The most beneficial change during this time was the introduction of railroads. Railroads allowed for rapid movement of goods and people. However, this beneficial change also came with a cost. Urbanization became an issue for the indigenous peoples. Many lands that had been owned by the people were taken over by the government so that railroad track could be laid down. The people who were forced from their lands by the government moved to the cities where they hoped to find new jobs and continue with their lives.

2: The primary source of the interview of Porfirio Diaz supports the point made in class that standardized education was starting to become part of life for the people of Mexico.

“The schoolhouse. There can be no doubt of that. I want to see education throughout the Republic carried on by the national Government. I hope to see it before I die. It is important that all citizens of a republic should receive the same training, so that their ideals and methods may be harmonized and the national unity intensified. When men read alike and think alike they are more likely to act alike.”

The above quote is how and why the interview supports the notion that standardized education will be introduced to the public. This source is important because it dispels the notion that Mexico was a wild land. The general public has little knowledge of what developing Mexico was like and are only shown the current vision given off by extremely corrupt officials and cartels controlling the nation. This primary source dispels the notion that this was always the way Mexico was.

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